Science and Technology
As well as research at the two universities and Southmead Hospital, science education plays a substantial role in the city. At-Bristol, Bristol Zoo, Bristol Festival of Nature and the Create Centre are prominent local institutions involved in science communication.
The city has a long history of scientific luminaries, including the 19th-century chemist Sir Humphry Davy, who worked in Hotwells. Paul Dirac, who won the Nobel Prize in 1933 for his contributions to quantum mechanics, came from Bishopston and attended the Bishop Road Primary School. Cecil Frank Powell was Melvill Wills Professor of Physics at Bristol University when he was awarded the Nobel Prize for a photographic method of studying nuclear processes and associated discoveries in 1950. Bristol was birthplace of Colin Pillinger, planetary scientist behind the Beagle 2 Mars lander project. The city is also home to the psychologist Richard Gregory.
Initiatives such as the Flying Start Challenge help encourage secondary school pupils around the Bristol area to take an interest in Science and Engineering. Links with major aerospace companies promote technical disciplines and advance students' understanding of practical design.
In 2005, in recognition of the city's ties to science and technology, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer named Bristol one of six "science cities" and promised funding for further development of science in the city.